Strategies to Introduce Intra-Port Competition and Prevent Rent Extraction

Strategies to introduce intra-port competition and prevent rent extraction

Source: Adapted from: De Langen P.W. and Pallis A.A. (2006). The benefits of intra-port competition. International Journal of Transport Economics, 33(1), 69-85.

The figure shows available policy options to introduce intra-port competition and strategies to prevent excess rent-seeking by port service providers.