IV. PORT GOVERNANCE

Starting with an analysis of the links between governance and performance, the section presents reforms and models that shape global ports. Attention then shifts to port authorities, which highlights how their changing role is taking place with the reinforcement of their centrality contemporary port management. Their evolving role is evident through trends such as the coordination of actors along supply chains, port cooperation, port clusters, and green port management. Port management, governance, and leadership have evolved to reflect a new reality.