World Container Throughput, 1980-2019

World Container Throughput, 1980-2019

The large-scale adoption of the container combined with the globalization process drove the global container port throughput from 36 million TEU in 1980 to 237 million TEU in 2000, 545 million TEU in 2010, and more than 740 million TEU in 2017. Global container throughput reached approximately 802 million TEU in 2019, increasing by 2.3 percent compared to 2018, including full and empty containers. Container traffic, the absolute number of loaded containers being carried by sea (excluding empties), has grown from 28.7 million TEU in 1990 to 152 million TEU in 2018. The ratio of containerized trade over container port throughput shows that a container on average is loaded or discharged multiple times between the first port of loading and the last port of discharge.