The following geographical elements help define a seaport:
- Location. The relative position of the port in relation to other ports serviced through shipping networks and its hinterland.
- Site. The physical characteristics of the port, such as its nautical profile (depth, access channel) and the land available for port activities, particularly for terminals.
The following functional elements help define a seaport:
- Logistics node. The added value performed by the port’s transportation function, including handling, consolidation, and deconsolidation.
- Industrial node. Activities depending on the port as a platform to supply inputs such as raw materials and distribute outputs such as parts and finished goods.